The bubbly and adventurous nature of children, getting hurt is too easy and they are likely to come across animals that they might thing are cute but pack a dangerous bite. Among the animals that have been found to often sink their teeth into children include their own cats and dogs. This might be as a result of playing together or a defense mechanism in the animal that was triggered by the child’s actions. Regardless, once the bite has happened, the only thing that is left is to offer timely first aid and were applicable take the child to see a doctor.
Wash the area.
Because animals are not very clean, their bites could have a variety of bacteria that could cause infection. This is why it is very vital for the bitten area to be carefully cleansed with an antiseptic or soap and water. This also helps to rid the area of any dirt that could aggravate the bitten area.
Reduce the swelling.
It is not certain that swelling will occur. However, should it happen, it is important to make sure you reduce it by using ice. This also helps to numb the nerves around the affected area and reduce the pain and discomfort that the child could be feeling. Using ice also reduces the optimum temperature that bacteria would need to flourish and hence reducing the likelihood of the affected area suffering from a bacterial infection.
Apply an antiseptic.
After you have cleansed the area and reduce the swelling, you can then apply an antiseptic using a piece of cotton wool. Be careful not to rub too hard on the wound. If you do not have an antiseptic in the home, your pharmacist can advise you on what would work best depending on the nature of the bite. However, a good number of them work in the same way.
Cover it up.
You can use a plaster or a clean piece of dressing to cover the area. This is essential as it prevents any other foreign micro-organisms that could cause trouble from getting into the wound. You have to make sure that the dressing is taken off and changed every day to avoid infection and also to check on the healing progress of the wound.
Look for signs of infections.
It is not likely that this will happen immediately which is why you should take the dressing off on a daily basis to check for infections. Among the signs that you should be looking for include tenderness, pain, redness and swelling. You may also tell if the area is infected if it feels hot when you touch it.
Have an adult or a professional check it out.
Even if the bite might not be serious, to be on the safe side, you have to ensure that you let a doctor have a look. They will also be able to advise if there are shots that the child might need depending on what bit them. They may also require some stitches if the bite was quite serious.
To prevent such injuries from happening even though it is unavoidable in some cases, it is vital to make sure that you have friendly pets. Pet grooming and especially clipping the nails could also come in handy and making sure pets have their shots could help to reduce the severity of such bites.